Litikum posts

Recent excavations at the Aurignacian site of Seňa I, Slovakia

Hungarian Seňa I Aurignacien lelőhely új ásatása Szlovákiában Photoset See the whole photset at our Flickr page (new window)! Wei Chu, Ľubomíra Kaminská In July of 2016, the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Slovak Republic and the University of Cologne conducted a small-scale excavation of the site of Seňa I in the Southern Slovakia. Sena I loading map - please wait...Map could not be loaded - please enable Javascript!→ more information Sena I 48.556400, 21.254800 The site of Seňa I is located in the Northern Carpathian Basin on the middle terraces of the Hornád River close to Hungarian border. It is part of a collection of well-known sites along the Hornád Valley including Košice-Barca, Kechnec, Seňa, Milhost’ and Čečejovce (Bánesz 1968; Hahn 1977; Kaminská 2014) that have been recognized for their numerous “Evolved Aurignacian” artifacts (Svoboda 2006) and deeply incised ditches or “grabens” often containing stone-lined hearths and artifact concentrations frequently interpreted as subterranean storage units and dwelling structures (Bárta 1987). Unfortunately, most of these sites have been found in short, heavily-eroded sedimentary sequences and with the exception of the now destroyed Košice-Barca I and Kechnec, remain largely undated. At Košice-Barca I, charcoal yielded a date of 34±302 ka cal BP (Verpoorte 2002, Tab. 9), but this is considered a minimum date because of the long period between collection and measurement. After L. Bánesz (1968) the industry was thought to relate to the latest phase of the Aurignacian in Eastern Slovakia. At Kechnec, two dates from charcoal suggest a later date around 32.1± 202 ka cal BP however these neither can be firmly connected... read more

Preliminary report of an Upper Palaeolithic site Feldebrő-Bakoldal

Hungarian Feldebrő-Bakoldal kutatásának előzetes eredményei Photo album See the whole photo set at our Flickr page! (new window) Mónika Gutay(1), Csaba Bálint(1), Attila Péntek(2), Kristóf István Szegedi(3), Zoltán Henrik Tóth(1) 1 – Dobó István Castle Museum, Eger, Vár 1., 2 – independent researcher, 3 – Dobó István Castle Museum, Eger, Vár 1.; ELTE Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Budapest, Múzeum krt. 4/b The plow brought mammoth bones and limnosilicite chipped stone artifacts to light near the village Feldebrő, Northeast-Hungary, in 2011 (Fig. 1). Here, on a higher terrace of the river Tarna, on the field called Bakoldal, dr. Mihály Gasparik paleontologist and his colleagues have been excavated the remains of two wooly mammoths in the following year (Fig. 2). In the vicinity of the dig site, past human presence was apparent in the form of chipped stones: raw material chunks, cores and debitage, but not finished lithic tools. Around the faunal remains, three postholes have been recovered with diameters between 8–12 cms. Under the mammoth remains further bones were lying, suffered from extreme heat, testified by their charred state. The expert of the Museum of Natural History’s Department of Paleontology summarized these phenomena as a Pleistocene meat deposit. Collagen extracted from the mammoth bones gave a radiocarbon date of 12 300±200 BP (13 200−11 800 cal BC, DeA-1735) to this site, that is surprisingly young in comparsion with other known mammoth occurences in Hungary. loading map - please wait...Map could not be loaded - please enable Javascript!→ more information Feldebrő 47.810679, 20.245681 Figure 2. Sondage with mammoth bones excavated by dr. Mihály Gasparik. Original image Feldebrő-Bakoldal site saw the first... read more

Archaeological explorations along the River Ipoly

There are some eventful days behind Krisztián Zandler, archaeologist of the Béla Dornyay Museum in Salgótartján, Hungary. He conducted excavation and surveys in the region of Hont, between 26 and 29 october on the following sites: Ipolyvölgy III, Ipolyvölgy I, Drégelypalánk-Gyakorszer and Topóka-dűlő, Hont-Babat, Hont-Csitár (Molnár-hegy).

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New Litikum

Litikum is the yearly published journal of the Lithic Research Roundtable that unites prehistorians and archaeologists in Hungary, those are interested in lithic studies.

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